Kolar Gold Fields (Ok.G.F.) is a mining space in Ok.G.F. Taluk (Township), Kolar District, Karnataka, India. It is headquartered in Robertsonpet, the place staff and their households of Bharat Gold Mines Limited (BGML) and BEML Limited (previously Bharat Earth Movers Limited) dwell.
Ok.G.F. About 30 kilometers (19 mi) from Kolar, 29 kilometers (18 mi) from Kuppam and 100 kilometers (62 mi) from Bangalore.
The metropolis has been identified for gold mining for greater than a century.
The mines closed on 28 February 2001 because of the fall in gold costs, regardless of which gold was current. One of India’s first energy producing items was in-built 1889 to assist mining operations.
The mine advanced hosted some particle physics experiments between 1960 and 1992.
The early historical past of Kolar Gold Fields was compiled by Fred Goodwill, Superintendent of the Vesselin Tamil Mission, Bangalore and Kolar Gold Fields. Goodwill’s research was revealed within the Quarterly Journal of the Mythic Society and elsewhere.
Western Ganga established Kolar within the second century. By the time he was in energy (about 1,000 years) he used the title “Kuvalala-Purvashwara” (Lord of Kolar), even when he moved to his capital, Talakadu. From Talakadu, the Western Gangas ruler Gangavadi (the southern dwelling of the Kannada folks).
Kolar got here below the Chola rule in 1004. Following their normal naming system, the Cholas known as the district Nicarilichola-Mandla.
Around 1117, the Hoysalas (below Vishnuvardhana) captured Talakadu and Kolar and expelled the Cholas from the Kingdom of Mysore. Veera Someshwara divided the empire between her two sons in 1254 and Kolar was given to Ramanath.
Western Ganga made Kolar its capital and positioned Mysore, Coimbatore, Salem and Trava.
Around the thirteenth century, sage Pavanapanthi Munivar wrote to Nannul concerning the Tamil grammar within the Ullangadi cave.
Under the Chola rule, King Uthama Chola states that he constructed the temple to Renuka. The Chola rulers Veer Chola, Vikram Chola and Raja Nagendra Chola constructed stone buildings with inscriptions at Avni, Moolbagal, and Sitti Betta.
The Chola inscription mentions the rule of Aditya Chola I (871–907), Raja Raja Chola I of Kolar and Rajendra Chola I, Kolar known as “Nicarilli Cholamandalam” and “Jayam Konda Chola Mandalam”.
Inscriptions of Rajendra Chola I seem on the Kolarama temple. Various Shiva temples had been in-built Kolar below Chola, similar to Someshwara and Sri Udandeshwari temples in Marikuppam village, Iswaran temple in Urugampet and Sivan temple in Madiwala village.
The Chola rule of Kolar lasted until 1116. The Chola inscriptions suffered neglect and vandalism. According to B. Lewis Rice, names and occasions have been confused.
The Vijayanagar rule of Kolar lasted from 1338 to 14. During the 1 Kolth century, Kolar got here below the rule of the Marathas as a part of the jagir of Shahaji fifty years in the past, when the Muslims dominated for seventy years.
In 1720, Kolar grew to become a part of the Syrah province; Hyder Ali’s father Fat Muhammad was a faujdar of the province.
Kolar was then dominated by the Marathas, the Nawabs of Kadapa, the Nizams of Hyderabad and Hyder Ali. Ruled by the British from 1768 to 1770, it once more went to the Marathas after which to Hyder Ali.
In 1791 Lord Cornwallis conquered Kolar in 1791, returning it to Mysore the next yr within the Treaty of Seringapatam.
Inscriptions within the space of the reigns of the kings of Mahavalis (Banas), Kadambas, Chalukyas, Pallavas, Vaidyambas, Rastrakutas, Cholas, Hoysalas and Mysore. B. Lewis Rice recorded 1,347 inscriptions within the tenth quantity district of Epigraphia Karnataka. Of the inscriptions, 714 are in Kannada; 422 are in Tamil, and 211 in Telugu.
John Taylor III acquired a number of mines in Ok.G.F. In 1880, and his agency (John Taylor & Sons) operated them till 1956; The Mysore Gold Mining Company was a subsidiary firm.
In 1902, the mines had been electrified with a 140-kilometer (87 mi) cable operated by General Electric from a hydroelectric plant on the Sivanasamudra Falls. The Government of Mysore acquired the mines in 1956.
With the rise of gold mines and the necessity for extra labor, folks from Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Salem and North and South Arcot districts of Tamil Nadu and Chittoor and Anantapur districts of Andhra Pradesh settled close by; The settlements started to kind the outskirts of Ok.G.F.
Well-to-do households of British and Indian engineers, geologists and mine supervisors lived within the metropolis heart.
Two townships, Robertsonpet and Andersonpet, are named after two British quarry officers.
The institution of BEML Limited expanded town, offering employment and attracting new residents.
The Kannada-language blockbuster film Ok.G.F: Chapter 1 and its sequel, Ok.G.F: Chapter 2, are set there.
National Geological Monument (kgf)
Pyroclastic and pillow lava at Kolar Gold Fields have been declared a National Geological Monument by the Geological Survey of India (GSI) for his or her conservation, upkeep and encouragement of soil conservation.
The official language is Kannada, however Tamil and Telugu are additionally broadly spoken.
Most of the Tamil inhabitants hint their descent to laborers introduced by the British from the northern Arcot, Chittoor, Salem and Dharmapuri districts of the Madras Presidency on the finish of the nineteenth century.
The substantial Anglo-Indian and Arcot Mudaliar populations are descendants of my observers.
The Kolar gold mines had been nationalized in 1956, and a complete of over 900 tonnes of gold was made accessible.
They had been closed by the Government of India on 28 February 2001 for environmental and financial causes; Food, water and shelter had been scarce, and manufacturing didn’t justify funding.
In 1901, an English-language major college was based on the Nandidurg Mine by John Taylor & Sons to teach the youngsters of British and European staff.
It is called the Kolar Gold Fields Boys’ School, and was upgraded to a center and highschool; The college students took the senior Cambridge examination.
The college was co-educational on the major degree.
On 15 January 1904, the Sisters of St. Joseph of Tarbes established an English-language college for 22 ladies, European and Anglo-Indian.
St. Mary’s Boys’ School was additionally established. The boys’ college later moved to Andersonpet.
In 1933, St. Joseph’s Order of the Tarbes established St. Theresa’s School in Robertsonpet; St. Sebastian’s School was based a decade later within the Coromandel.
Both faculties provided English classes. To educate the rising Marwari inhabitants, Sumati Jain High School was established in Robertsonpet.
Ok.G.F. KGF College of Dental Science and Hospital, Drs. T. There are a number of faculties together with Thimmaiah Institute of Technology, and Sri Kengal Hanumanthaiah Law College, Don Bosco Technical Institute.
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